Myopathy & Muscular Dystrophy


Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited disorders that involve muscle weakness and loss of muscle tissue, which get worse over time.

Muscular dystrophies, or MD, are a group of inherited conditions, which means they are passed down through families. They may occur in childhood or adulthood. There are many different types of muscular dystrophy. They include :


  • - Becker muscular dystrophy.
  • - Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
  • - Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy.
  • - Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.
  • - Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy.
  • - Myotonia congenita
  • - Myotonia congenita


Symptoms vary with the different types of muscular dystrophy.

All of the muscles may be affected. Or, only specific groups of muscles may be affected, such as those around the pelvis, shoulder, or face. Muscular dystrophy can affect adults, but the more severe forms tend to occur in early childhood.

Symptoms Include :

  • - Mental retardation (only present in some types of the condition).
  • - Muscle weakness that slowly gets worse.
  • - Delayed development of muscle motor skills.
  • - Difficulty using one or more muscle groups.
  • - Drooling.
  • - Frequent falls.
  • - Loss of strength in a muscle or group of muscles as an adul.
  • - Loss in muscle size.
  • - Problems walking (delayed walking).

Inflammatory Myopathy

Symptoms Include :

  • - Difficulty swallowing.
  • - Muscle pain.
  • - Muscle weakness in the proximal muscles (shoulders, hips, etc.)
  • - Shortness of breath

Patients may also have morning stiffness, joint pain, fatigue, anorexia, weight loss, and fever.